Biography of Swami Vivekananda

Hello Readers, Hope you are doing well. As we know that there have been many such personalities in world history who have influenced the views of common people at that time. With his ideological influence, he has inspired the society to move forward by ending the evil practices of that time. Swami Vivekananda of India became one of them. The recognition of Swami Vivekananda is considered not only in India but in the world.

If you guys ask me what was the impact of Swami Vivekananda in my life, then I will tell you that I have learned from him how simple life can be lived with discipline. There is a lot of hypocrisy in our lives today. We are more concerned about what people think about us. ut I feel that this way of thinking is right. This morning I had a thought in my mind that I should probably write about Swami Vivekananda so that all of you can also learn something from his life. Hope you will like it.

Swami Vivekananda (January 12, 1863 – July 7, 1902) was a noted and influential spiritual teacher of Vedanta. His real name was Narendra Nath Dutt. His father Mr. Vishwanath Dutt was a famous and successful lawyer of the Calcutta High Court. His father believed in Western civilization. He also wanted to teach English to his son Narendra and follow the western civilization. His mother Bhuvaneshwari Devi was a very religious and pious lady. She used to spend most of her time in worshipping Lord Shiva. Narendra’s intellect was very sharp since childhood and the longing to attain God was also strong. For this he first went to the ‘Brahmo Samaj’, but his mind was not satisfied there. He wanted to contribute significantly to make Vedanta and Yoga prevalent in Western culture.

Early Life and Education

From childhood, Narendra was very intelligent and naughty. He used to do mischief with his fellow children, but when he got the chance, he did not fail to do mischief with his teachers too. In the house of Narendra, there was a regular ritual of worship in the house. Due to the religious tendency, his mother Bhuvaneshwari Devi was very fond of listening to the stories of Puran, Ramayana, Mahabharata, etc. Storytellers used to come to their homes. Bhajan-kirtan was also done regularly. Due to the influence of the religious and spiritual environment of the family, the values ​​of religion and spirituality deepened in the mind of child Narendra. Due to the rites and religious atmosphere of the parents, the desire to know and receive God started appearing in Narendra’s mind from childhood. Sometimes he used to ask such questions that his parents and narrators used to get confused.

In 1871, he was admitted to the Metropolitan Institute of Ishwar Chand Vidyasagar. In 1877, when Narendra was in the third grade, his studies were interrupted because his family had to go to Raipur suddenly for some reason. After his family returned to Calcutta in 1879, he became the first student to bring the first division in the entrance examination of the Presidency College.

Narendra was a keen reader of various subjects like philosophy, religion, history, social sciences, art, and literature. He also had a great interest in Hindu scriptures like the Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Ramayana, Mahabharata, and Purana. Narendra was proficient in Indian traditional music and was always a participant in physical yoga, sports, and all activities. In 1881, he passed the examination of fine art, and in 1884 he completed his graduation in arts. Then he also studied law.

Swami Vivekananda had a great interest in subjects like philosophy, religion, history, and social science. They read with great enthusiasm the Vedas Upanishads, Ramayana, Gita, and Hindu scriptures, that is why they had full knowledge of texts and scriptures. Swami Vivekananda not only topped the studies, besides, he also took part in physical exercise and sports. Swami Vivekananda had studied European history at the General Assembly Institution.

Let me tell you that Swami Vivekananda was of a very curious tendency since childhood, that is why he once asked Maharishi Devendra Nath that ‘Have you seen God?’ Maharishi was surprised by this question of Narendra and to calm his curiosity, he advised Vivekananda to go to Ramakrishna Paramahansa, after which he accepted his own guru and proceeded on his own path.

Meeting his Guru and accepting Sanyas by Swami Vivekananda

Dr. Ramchandra Dutt, a relative of Narendra who grew up in his house, was a disciple of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa. He saw that Narendra was inspired by religious feelings to such an extent that he started thinking of renunciation as a child. He once told Narendra, “Brother, if your only goal in life is to pursue our religion, do not join the Brahmo Samaj or others. You go to Dakshineswar and meet Sri Ramakrishna.” Narendra met his guru Shri Ramkrishna at his neighbour’s house first time. Initially, for a few days, Sri Ramakrishna did not let Narendranath stand for his side even for a moment. He made Narendra sit next to him and gave him a lot of advice. Whenever both were alone there was a big discussion.

Shri Ramakrishna had given the responsibility of taking Narendra on his unfinished mission. One day Sri Ramakrishna wrote on a paper, “Narendra will do the work of imparting knowledge to the public”. With some hesitation, Narendranath replied, “I am not able to do all this.” Shri Ramakrishna immediately said with great resolve, “What? Will not be able to do it? Will your bones do this? Later, Sri Ramakrishna led Narendranath on the path of renunciation and named him Swami Vivekananda.

During this time Vivekananda Ji was so impressed with Ramakrishna Paramahamsa that he had a growing sense of duty and reverence towards his Guru. Ramakrishna Paramahansa suffered from cancer in 1885, after which Vivekananda Ji also served his guru a lot. In this way, the relationship between the Guru and the disciple grew stronger.

Vivekananda’s Contribution and Importance

The work that Swami Vivekananda accomplished during his brief lifetime of thirty-nine years will continue to guide generations for many centuries to come. At the age of thirty, Swami Vivekananda represented Hinduism at the World Religion Conference in Chicago, America, and gave it a universal identity. Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore once said, “If you want to know India, read Vivekananda. You will find everything positive in them, nothing negative”.

“It is impossible to even imagine him being second,” said Romain Rolland. Wherever he went, he was the first. Everyone would show their leader in them. He was the representative of God and his dominance over all was his uniqueness. Once upon a time in the Himalayas, an unknown traveler stopped to look at him and shouted, “Shiva!” It was as if the placable god of that person wrote his name on Narendra’s forehead.

He was not only a saint, a great patriot, speaker, thinker, writer and human lover too. Returning from America, he called on the countrymen and said, “New India has come out from Modi’s shop, from the mess of the woods, from the factory, from the haat, from the market; Out of the bushes, forests, mountains, mountains.  “And the public answered Swamiji’s call. She left with pride. The public support that Gandhi received in the freedom struggle was the result of Vivekananda’s call. Thus he also became a major source of inspiration for the Indian freedom struggle.

He believed that the holy year of India is the holy land of religion and philosophy. This is where the great sages and sages were born, this is the land of renunciation and renunciation and the door to the highest ideal of life and liberation has been opened for man from here to here. His statement – “Get up, wake up, wake yourself up and wake others up.” Make your male birth successful and do not stop until the goal is achieved.”

Swami Vivekananda at the World Parliament of Religions

Swami Vivekananda proved to be the true representative of Hinduism as he made his fervent appeal of tolerance across the world from the platform of the World Parliament of Religions in Chicago on September 11, 1893. It must have been a divine plan to allow this saint to familiarize the world with great Hinduism. The conference was inaugurated by various religious heads with chants. This was a sweet start to the conference.

Swami Vivekananda was not representative of any particular section of the society. He arrived at the conference as a representative of the Sanatan Hindu Vedic religion of all India. About six thousand ladies and gentlemen attended the conference. According to the chairperson’s instructions, each representative on the dias was reading out his pre-prepared speech.

Swami Vivekananda did not prepare any written speech. Finally he got up from his seat and remembered his guru as if he took permission from his guru. He addressed the conference with “Dear Sisters and Brothers of America”. There was such a miraculous power in these words that the thousands who gathered stood up and were cheering constantly. The emotional appeal in those kind words had shaken every heart. It was the first time any orator referred to the entire mankind as the ‘sisters and brothers’. Apart from this he mesmerized all the attendees with his magnificent and powerful oration.

Swami Vivekananda realized that Hindu society has the potential to become a spiritual teacher in the world. After centuries someone again showed to the Hindu society its own wide horizons. Still Swami ji did not criticize any religion. They simply erased the filth that had accumulated due to its mistreatment and suffered at the hands of its invaders.

Swami Vivekananda showed Hinduism to be uninteresting towards himself and held it to the highest office of the Parliament of World Religions. When speaking of Hindustan, he says that it is a holy land, a land with divine purpose. Hindustan is the abode of spirituality and introspection. Since ancient times, the founders of religious principles were born here. It is the only land where a person can not only experience tolerance but can also have affection for other religions.

Vivekananda’s philosophy of Education

Swami Vivekananda was opposed to the English education system propounded by Macaulay prevailing at that time, because the purpose of this education was only to increase the number of babus. He wanted an education that could lead to all-round development of the child. The aim of the child’s education is to make him self-sufficient and stand on his feet. Swami Vivekananda has called the prevailing education as ‘prohibitive education’ and said that you consider a person who has passed some examinations and who can give good speeches, but the reality is that the education which does not prepare people for struggle,  which does not build character, which does not develop the spirit of social service and who cannot cultivate courage like a lion, what benefit from such education?

Swamiji wants to prepare for both secular and otherworldly life through education. Regarding education from a secular point of view, he has said that ‘we need such education, which constitutes character, increases the strength of the mind, develops the intellect and makes the person self-reliant’. From a worldly point of view, he has said that ‘Education is an expression of the inherent perfection of man’.

Swami Vivekananda’s Death

On July 4, 1902, Swami Vivekananda died at the age of just 39 years. According to his disciples, he had taken Maha-samadhi. He justified his prediction that he would not live beyond 40 years. At the same time, this great man of great effort was cremated on the banks of river Ganges.

Swami Vivekananda Jayanti

Swami Vivekananda’s birth date is celebrated on 12 January as National Youth Day. What I personally believe, Vivekananda Ji was such a great personality who has a profound influence on everyone. Admittedly, Swami Ji is no longer with us, but his thoughts will continue to inspire us through the ages.

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