Biography of Abraham Lincoln

Name:  Abraham Thomas Lincoln.

Born: 12 February 1809 Kentucky (United States).

Parents: Thomas Lincoln, Nancy Hanks Lincoln.

Sibling: Sarah Lincoln Grigsby, Thomas Lincoln.

Spouse: Mary Todd, Sarah Lincoln Grigsby.

Death: 15 April 1865

Abraham Lincoln (12 February 1809 – 15 April 1865) was the sixteenth President of the United States. His tenure was from 1861 to 1865. He was from the Republican Party. He overcame America with its biggest crisis – the American Civil War. Lincoln owes the end of slavery in America. Abraham Lincoln was born into a poor black family. He was the first Republican to become the President of the United States. Prior to that, he was a lawyer, member of the Illinois State Legislator (Legislator), House of Representatives of America. He also failed in the Senate elections twice.

        In the 31st year, he failed in business. In the 32nd year, he lost the election of the state legislator, in the 33rd year he tried a new business, and then failed. In the 35th year, his fiancé died. In the 36th year, he got a nervous break-down. In the 43rd year he contested for the Congress but lost, in the 48th year he tried again but lost. In the 55th year he contested for the Senate, but the following year he contested for the Vice President but lost. In the 59th year, he again contested the Senate election but lost. In 1860, the man who used to sign A. Lincoln became the 16th President of America.

Early life and Education:

        Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, in Hardin County, Kentucky in a wooden house. His father’s name was Thomas Lincoln and his mother’s name was Nancy Lincoln. His descendants came from England and later settled in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Virginia. Abraham Lincoln Lincoln’s great-grandfather was named Captain Abraham Lincoln, who emigrated from Virginia to Kentucky in 1780. Captain Lincoln was assassinated in 1786 by an Indian hunter-gatherer. Now Captain Lincoln’s son Thomas also saw his father’s attack with eyes. Now the orphan Thomas made his own way and started working on living by working in different places.

        Abraham Lincoln did not like to work hard since childhood, due to which his family and neighbors used to call him lazy. He used to spend most of his time covering books and writing poems. He used to walk for miles to borrow a book. His early education was from nomadic teachers rather than any school, who taught Lincoln a lot in a short period of time. When Lincoln was nine years old, he lost his mother. She died of tremetol (milk sickness) at age 34, on October 5, 1818. It was devastating to him. In December 1819, just over a year after his mother’s death, Lincoln’s father Thomas married Sarah Bush Johnston, a Kentucky widow with three children of her own. She was a strong and affectionate woman and Lincoln accepted her quickly.  

 Lincoln had a younger brother Thomas and a younger sister Sarah but unfortunately, they both died in infancy. Now when he grew up, Lincoln had the idea of ​​fighting against orthodox practices. Now slowly he started working to help the family and Abraham was an expert in running the axe. Lincoln hated the atrocities on slaves from the beginning and wanted to abolish slavery.

While advocating, Lincoln did not charge more than his clients who were ‘poor like him’. Once one of his clients sent him twenty-five dollars, Lincoln returned ten dollars from him, saying that fifteen dollars were enough. Usually, he used to advise his clients to settle the matter by persuading them outside the court so that the money of both the parties is not wasted in litigation.

In return, they used to get very low fees. A pension agent was asking for $200 in fees to a widow of a martyred soldier for $400 of her pension. Lincoln not only pleaded for the woman for free but also arranged for the cost of staying at her hotel and a return ticket.

Political Career: 

The country was experiencing problems with the practice of slavery, the whites owned large farms in the southern states, and they used to call black people from Africa to work in their fields and were kept as slaves. The people of the states were against this practice of slavery and want to end it. The constitution of America is based on the equality of man. So that there was no place for slavery in the country, in this difficult time, Abraham Lincoln was elected President of the United States in 1860.

He wanted to solve the problem of slavery. The people of the southern states were against the abolition of slavery. This may threaten the unity of the country. The southern state was ready to build a new country but Abraham Lincoln wanted all the states to unite.

Abraham Lincoln faced many problems. He wanted to protect the unity of the country at any cost. Eventually, a civil war broke out between the northern and southern states of America. He fought the war bravely and declared, “A nation cannot remain half free and half slave”. He won the war and the country remained united.  

Personal Life:

Lincoln was opposed to slavery from the beginning, for this, he also had to struggle throughout his life. At the same time, he fell in love with a young woman named Ratledge, but she died before marriage, and the lincoln was very shocked by the incident. Lincoln spent his remaining time getting information about the law and after some time he started advocating in the presence of a person, but it could not last more days.

In 1842, he was married to Mary Todd, a girl from a big house, the views of the two were not found among themselves. In the meantime, they applied for the post of President. But due to his opposition to slavery, he had to endure opposition from many provinces. On March 4, 1861, Lincoln took the position of President. Due to Lincoln’s antics of slavery, the fire of protest increased. And war broke out in America which Lincoln won in 6 years by working very hard.

        Around 1840, states that supported slavery and rejected slavery. Such a clear division was taking place in America. According to the Kanyasnesbraska law, the people of these states were to be given the freedom to keep slaves. Because of this, Abraham Lincoln was blown away. He gave speeches against this law to a lot. In the meantime, Lincoln felt his own ability and after that Lincoln never looked back in politics.

The election of the Head of State held in 1860 was important in this context. In February 1861, Abraham Lincoln announced the exit of the Union of eleven states to accept the position of head of state. On February 8, 1861, the State of Alabama declared that the Confederate States of America would come into existence. These events created a challenge ahead of newly elected heads of state like Lincoln.

Lincoln destroyed slavery by a spade on January 1, 1863, and two years later, on January 31, 1865, the order was put to an end, with the Teravi incident abolished. He decided to contest elections again and he came easily on 8 November 1865. By then, Yadav Jung had reached the last mode.


On March 4, 1864, Lincoln was re-elected President of the United States. A month later, on 18 April, an event was organized to commemorate the victory over the civil war. He died on 15 April 1865. There the Engineer fraudulently shot Lincoln and Lincoln died. After this, he experienced the greatness of Lincoln and how an unreadable person became the most successful President of America on the strength of his talent.

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